Detailed Guidelines of Making MCQs
This guideline will assist you in your efforts to develop MCQs for CA Intermediate and CA Final exams. It opens with CA exam structure and explains MCQs in the light of the same with examples. It clearly elaborates MCQ writing steps and suffice you with general MCQ writing principles and Item Development Checklist.
As announced that from May 2019 attempt, the question paper pattern of the theoretical papers at CA Intermediate and CA Final levels would be 30% objective and 70% descriptive under both Old and New Schemes. In order to assist students in their preparation as per the new pattern of examination, we request students and teachers to contribute multiple choice questions for the following papers:
Paper 2: Corporate & Other Laws
Paper 4: Taxation
Paper 6: Auditing & Assurance
Paper 7: Enterprise Information System & Strategic Management
Paper 3: Advanced Auditing and Professional Ethics
Paper 4: Corporate and Economic Laws
Paper 7: Direct Tax Laws & International Taxation
Paper 8: Indirect Tax Laws
ICAI has mandated following rules regarding MCQs:
The CA exam will consist of a variety of multiple-choice items. Multiple-choice items consist of a stem and four possible alternatives.
The item stem is the introductory statement or question that describes a situation or circumstance related to the knowledge being assessed. Item stems can be written in the form of an incomplete statement as well as in question form.
The alternatives complete the introductory statement or answer the question and consist of one correct answer (key) and three incorrect answers or distractors.
In some cases, the key will be the only correct alternative, while in other cases the key will be deemed to be the BEST alternative when considered against the others provided.
Distractors are the incorrect alternatives but should be plausible or possible correct answers to candidates who are inexperienced or not knowledgeable enough to choose the key.
STEP 1: Select a topic of your chosen paper. Items should focus on a single topic or knowledge statement. Items written from a knowledge statement will most likely result in higher quality, experience-based questions.
While writing your item, please refer to General MCQ Writing Principles for further guidance and review your item using the Item Development Checklist. Development Checklist is part of this document and you will be able to find it afterwards.
STEP 2: Write the item stem and keyable answer (Answer A).
STEP 3: Develop plausible distractors. The distractors should not be made-up words or phrases. Distractors should appear to be correct alternatives to the exam takers. The development of quality distractors is usually the most difficult task for an item writer. If you have difficulty with this part of item development, it may be helpful to consult with your colleagues. Also think about what an exam taker might think the correct answer would be.
STEP 4: Include a thorough explanation of why the keyable/correct answer is correct as well as why each distractor is not a correct alternative. It is not acceptable to simply state that the distractors are “incorrect”.
STEP 5: Include any and all reference sources, if possible.
STEP 6: Review the item using the Item Development Checklist.
Items can either be direct questions or incomplete statements.
Step: Which of the following should be included in an IT strategic plan?Alternatives
A. Analysis of future business objectives
B. Specifications for planned hardware purchases
C. Target dates for development projects
D. Annual budgetary targets for the IT department
Note that the stem is in the form of a question.
Step: IT governance helps to ensure that an organization aligns its IT strategy with:
Alternatives A. enterprise objectives.
B. IT objectives.
C. audit objectives.
D. control objectives.
Note that the responses for this item start with a lowercase letter and are followed by a period, as the responses serve to complete the sentence started in the stem.
It is wise to draft an item first as a direct question, and then revise it to an incomplete sentence if this offers smoother, less repetitive wording.
Before submitting an item, you must be able to answer YES to all of the following questions.
All items must be submitted in English. Items must include a stem, four alternatives, and rationales for the correct answer.
An initial review will be performed to ensure completeness and compliance with the item writing guidelines. Items that are judged to be flawed in any significant way will be sent back to the item writer with appropriate and constructive feedback. Items accepted at initial level will be forwarded to the editorial board to be considered for inclusion in the question bank.
Once reviewed by the editorial board, the item will be accepted or returned. If returned by the editorial board, the item will be returned to the writer, including appropriate and constructive feedback. If accepted, the item will become the property of Shuchita Prakashan (P) Ltd. and the item writer will receive the payment at the rate of Rs. 50 per accepted item.